Fishing Setup for the Beginner

August 25, 2019

Fishing for Beginners - Back to Basics

How to fish with fishing rod

Everybody knows everything about fishing, right? Know how to fish? Follow us to learn Fishing for Beginners.

Although there are loads of people who do currently fish. However, not everyone has gone fishing and not everyone has owned a fishing rod of their own or even had the advantage of borrowing a fishing rod. Unfortunately, fishing as a sport is limited due to the costs involved with the correct set up. However, it isn’t necessary to have all the latest and greatest fishing gear on the market.

While, to start off fishing for beginners, we start with a rod, reel, line and tackle. Meanwhile, there are various makes and models on the market, but for starters let us consider fishing for smaller fish and working our way towards landing the large ones. However, important to keep in mind, that there is a big difference between spinning, casting, fly fishing and sea fishing.

Fishing Equipment for Beginners

Fishing for Beginners and how to fish

Fishing equipment for beginners includes your fishing rod, fishing reel, fishing line and fishing tackle. While, there is always an option of running down to your local fishing store and purchasing a rod and reel combo.

These do work extremely well and will probably suffice for your initial venture to the local pond. It is important when buying a rod and reel to balance these items to each other. Otherwise, should you like the option of setting up your own freshwater gear.

What I find has worked well for me when learning fishing for beginners, is the Okuma Celilo Graphite Lightweight Ultra-Light Rod with Okuma Ceymar Spinning Reel and Monofilament line. Available at Amazon.

While, this combination just goes together extremely well and makes for easy handling and control of small, medium and even larger fish. It is important that you do not over fill your fishing reel’s spool as this will give you a headache. Merely, fill your spool three quarters full.

While, there are various rods available on the market, constructing a fishing rod is an option. However, always take fishing rod materials into consideration.

Okuma Celilo Graphite Lightweight Ultra-Light Rod

Is available in 4.5 feet to 7.5 feet. Further, within this range, you can choose the right rod length for yourself, my personal preference is the 7 foot. While, this can be used for trout, perch and panfish and more. In short, these rods manufactured from great material result in smooth actions adding quality to your experience. A good rod to start fishing for beginners. Especially for catching Drum fish or Grass Carp.


Okuma Ceymar Spinning


This reel with its corrosion resistant graphite body has a multi-disc, oiled felt drag system, 7 Ball Bearings and 1 Roller Bearing. Furthermore, has a Quick-Set anti-reverse roller bearing. Precision machine cut brass pinion gears.

As well as, a black anodized handle design with lightweight EVA handle knobs for comfort. While, the reel which I prefer is the C-30 which has a gear ratio of 5.0:1. And weighs 232g. Meanwhile, the spool capacity with mono filament line is 0.20mm holds 200m of line, 0.25mm holds 130m and 0.30mm has 100m.

Beginner Fishing Rod Setup

Firstly, make sure that your reel is firmly attached to the fishing rod in the reel seat. Generally, a mistake made in fishing for beginners. While, the reel seat can either be a hard plastic or a metal compound. However, make sure that the fishing line coming off the fishing reel runs under the bail wire and thread it through every guide eye on the fishing rod.

Making sure not to twist the line around the rod but keep it in a straight line. If you release the drag, you should be able to pull the line easily off the spool of the reel. The easiest with bass fishing, is to tie a snap swivel to the line once, you have threaded it, this will enable you to change lures and baits as is necessary. This is the simplest way of threading and setting up a fishing rod, reel and line.

Rod Setup

Fishing Tackle

Fishing Tackle

The Basic Tackle Box List includes various items, including your fishing Rod, Fishing Reel, extra line, extra hooks, bobbers or floaters, sinkers, baits, lures, Needle Nose Pliers, Small First Aid Kit, Sunscreen and Line Cutter (nail clippers or knife).

However, the most important is a state fishing license if you need one. 4 to 12-pound test monofilament is a good fishing line to use. And Number 6 to 10 fishhooks are a good size to consider for most fish. The list of accessories for fishing can become cumbersome and possibly unnecessary.

Furthermore, a nice to have is a fishing scale and a fishing rule, especially if you want to keep the fish caught for the pot. Personally, I am a firm believer in catch and release. However, some people use these fish as food.

Fishing Baits and Lures

When it comes to choosing your baits and lures, it is important to know what fish you will be targeting. As well as, where you will be fishing. Baits should roughly resemble the live critters which are around in the area.

This could confuse the fish into thinking that they are actually eating something which does occur in the area. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to that which around you. Pay attention to if there are shells, crickets, etc and know what you are targeting and what they eat.

When it comes to lures, use plastic or synthetic lures which resemble or could resemble and imitate something that occurs on the banks. Follow me, on this section we will do a complete breakdown on lures that are available on the market and how to use them.

However, for now, remember too that one bait that works today, will not necessarily work tomorrow and vice versa. Most fish are inquisitive and therefore go for spinners and spoons which are shiny. As well as, plastic bait resembling something else they eat.

Fishing lures are far less messy to work with than normal live baits. Allows you to target a wider species range as you don’t need many different types of bait. However, there are a few disadvantages too, in that lures are relatively expense and can get snagged underwater by obstacles and trees.


Fishing Lure Types

There are various types of Freshwater Fishing Lures available on the market, of which the seven main types are jigs, spinners, spoons, soft plastic baits, plugs, spinerbaits and flies.

With jigs being the most versatile and able to catch almost all game fish. While, being inexpensive in comparison to other lures. Have a weighted lead head and come in various sizes and colors in feathers, hair, soft plastic grub or other baits of your choice.

The presentation, the way in which you present the lure to the fish, depends entirely on the angler. Cast the jig out and allow it to sink, until the line goes slack, then simply reel it in making the lure hop. This is done by lifting and lower the tip of the rod, reeling at different speeds or twitching the rod. Detection of strike by a fish is hardest when fishing with a jig.

Fishing Lures for Flies


When trout are small they tend to eat small insects and other critters, which is when flies become vital for fishing for trout. However, as trout age and mature, growing larger, they like eating other animals like crickets, etc. This is when they go for lures rather imitating the food sources.

There are various trout lures available, however, those which have proven to be the most successful are the Rapala Floating Minnow, Blue Fox Vibrax, Joe’s Flies Short Striker, Panther Martin, Acme Phoebe, Worden’s Rooster Tail, Acme Kastmaster, Mepps Aglia Spinnerbait, Acme Little Cleo and Rebel Tracdown Minnow.

Fishing Knots

There are various kinds of fishing knots that can be used in fishing. However, we will address this at a later stage. For now though, it is important that you learn and master the Surgeon’s Know, which is one of the best and easiest knots for joining lines and lures, swivels, etc.

How to Tie the Double-Double Uni Knot [braid line to fluorocarbon leader]

In Conclusion


There is a lot to learn on fishing and not everything can be learnt from a manual or a video. Let us go out and spend some quality time at the water casting and retrieving a line. However, wherever, you are, keep an eye open for alligators and keep alligator safety in mind. Keep up to date with our blog posts, where you can learn much valuable information as a novice angler.

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